Although the Atlantic Spine & Joint Institute deals primarily with chronic osteoarthritic changes of the knee it isn’t uncommon for us to treat those patients suffering from acute, soft tissue damages of the knee as well. A common mechanism of knee injury is hyperextension. This occurs with an extreme, forceful, straightening of the joint. Hyperextension of the knee may cause damage to ligamentous tissues, specifically the ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) and or the PCL (posterior cruciate ligament).
The severity of the injury and to whom it occurs will dictate care. Strains and sprains may be rectified with physical therapy to reduce inflammation and pain. Ultimately, strengthening of the surrounding musculature is the long-term goal. Stability bracing may also be used. In the event of a tear surgical intervention may or may not be necessary depending upon the candidate. Upon clinical presentation the physician and diagnostic tests will determine the extent of the injury and the care plan warranted.